History of Prithviraj chauhan

Prithviraj Chauhan Samrat of India

Prithviraj Chauhan, the last ruler of Chauhan dynasty to sit on the throne of Delhi, was born in 1168 as the son of Someshwar Chauhan, the king of Ajmer. He was a brilliant child and very sharp at learning the military skills. He had the skill of hitting the target only on the basis of its sound. He succeeded to the throne of Ajmer at the age of thirteen, in 1179,when his father died in a battle.


His grandfather Angam, ruler of Delhi, declared him heir to the throne of Delhi after hearing about his courage and bravery.

Prithviraj Killing Lion without any weapon:

He once killed a lion on his own without any weapon. He was known as the warrior king.

When he ascended to the throne of Delhi, he built Qila Rai Pithora here. His whole life was a continuous chain of bravery, courage, chivalrous deeds and glorious exploits. He defeated the mighty Bheemdev, ruler of Gujarat, at the mere age of thirteen.

Prithviraj and sanyogita

Prithviraj and sanyogita

Prithviraj and sanyogita

His love story with his enemy, Jaichand’s daughter,sanyogita  is very famous. He rode off with her on the day of her ‘Swayamwara’.

Battle of Prithviraj Chauhan and Mahmud Ghori 

prithviraj ghori
prithviraj ghori

He expanded his empire, during this time Mahmud Ghori attacked India in 1191 and he was defeated at the first battle of Tarain. After defeating the army of Mahmud Ghori pleaded for his wife and  as true Rajput tradition he was left alive . As a result Mahmud ghori again attacked India and in the second battle of Tarain army of Ghori was again started getting killed by brave rajput warriors ,Then Ghori Cowardly attacked in Night hence this time  Prithviraj Chauhan was defeated and captured.

Prithviraj Chauhan was Blinded

prithviraj chauhan getting blind
prithviraj chauhan getting blind


He was treated very badly, his eyes were burnt with red-hot irons and he was made blind. But Prithviraj did not lose courage.

Prithviraj Chauhan –Shabd Bhedi Baan

Helped by his court poet and friend Chand Bardai, he is believed to kill Mahmud ghori with his “shabdabhedi baan”.


Prithviraj kills ghori
Prithviraj kills ghori


Chauhan’s skill of hitting the target just on the basis of sound made by it come handy. and during the archery competition organized by Mahmud ghori, he displayed his skill.


At Last Point before aiming against Ghori , Chand Bardai Said

“Char bans, chaubis gaj, angul ashta praman, Ta upar sultan hai, mat Chuko Chauhan””

When Mahmud ghori praised him he heard his voice and attacked him. Mahmud ghori was killed. In order to escape death at the hands of enemies he and his friend Chand Bardai stabbed each other.

Prithviraj Raso 
Chand Bardai compiled the story of the life of Prithviraj Chauhan in his epic poem Prithviraj Raso. Prithviraj Chauhan died in 1192, with his death a period of bravery, courage, patriotism and principles came to an end.

Prithviraj Raso of Chand Bardai and Prithviraj Vijay of Jayanak have immortalized deeds of Prithviraj Chauhan.


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